DAAR (Decolonizing Architecture Art Residency) is an architectural studio and art residency programme based in Beit Sahour, Palestine. DAAR’s work combines conceptual speculations and pragmatic spatial interventions, discourse and collective learning. DAAR explores possibilities for the reuse, subversion and profanation of actual structures of domination: from evacuated military bases to the transformation of refugee camps, from uncompleted governmental structures to the remains of destroyed villages.

DAAR co-directors: Sandi Hilal and Alessandro Petti

mailalessandropetti@gmail.com Sandi Hilal and Alessandro Petti http://www.decolonizing.ps/site/about/ at their home in Bethlehem

Proto Credit: Adam Ferguson for The New York Times

Sandi Hilal and Alessandro Petti’s theory and practice moves between art, architecture and pedagogy. They are founding members and co-directors of DAAR, an architectural office and artistic residency program that combines conceptual speculations and architectural interventions (www.decolonizing.ps). Alongside art and architectural practice, Petti and Hilal are engaged in critical pedagogy. They are the founders of Campus in Camps, an experimental educational program hosted in Dheisheh refugee camp in Bethlehem (www.campusincamps.ps).

Petti and Hilal co-authored the book Architecture after Revolution (Sternberg, Berlin 2014) with Eyal Weizman, an invitation to rethink today’s struggles for justice and equality not only from the historical perspective of revolution, but also from that of a continued struggle for decolonisation. Petti has written on the emerging spatial order dictated by the paradigm of security and control in Archipelagos and Enclaves (Bruno Mondadori, Milan 2007).

Their artist practice has received the following awards and grants: Price Claus Prize for Architecture, shortlisted for Visible Award, the Curry Stone Design Price, the New School’s Vera List Center Prize for Art and Politics, the Anni and Heinrich Sussmann Artist Award , the Chrnikov Prize and recipient of the Foundation for Art Initiatives grant.

DAAR board members: Ghaida Rahil (Board Director), Cristina Al-Shaib (Treasurer), Maher Qassis (deputy board director), Wafa Qumsieh (board member), Lia Musleh (board  member), Issa Andoni (board member), Sawsan Khair (board member), Arwa Shomali (financial officer).

DAAR coordinator: Sandy Rashmawi

DAAR residents: (2016) Nathan Witt, Mais Musleh, Riccardo Maroso, Gador Luque, Elsa Raker, Sandy Rashmawi, Isshaq Al-Barbary (2015) Haneen Abo Khiran, Lucia Disluci, Nathan Witt, Dalia Abu Hashish, Lucia Maffei (2014) Margo Van Den Berge, Eduardo Cassina, Liva Dudareva, Arne Carpentier, Nick Axel, Jacob Burns (2012) Lorenzo Pezzani, Sanne Van Den Breemer, Patricia Fernandes, Gabriel A. Cuellar, Zhongqi Ren, Sai Shu, Rizki M. Supratman, Lieven De Cauter (2011) Nicola Perugini, Sonia Arw, Benoît Burquel, Luisa Cerlini, Elisa Ferrato, Alesssandra Gola, Suzanne Harris-Brandts, Benjamin Leclair-Paquet, Michael Baers, Amina Bech (2010) Sean Murphy, Marco Cerati, Ahmad Barclay, Merlin Eayrs, Sebastiaan Loosen, Marcella Rafaniello, Maria Rocco, Mahdi Sabbagh, Bert Ruelens, Nina Valerie Kolowratnik, Tashy Endres, Diego Segatto (2009) Allegra Martin, Roberto Sartor, Armina Pilav, Sara Pellegrini, Mario Abruzzese, Francesca Vargiu, Beatrice Catanzaro (2008) Bianca Elzenbaumer, Fabio Franz, Vincezo Castella, Anne Gough, Zakiya Hanafi, Jake Himmel, Jesse Long, Salvatore Porcaro, Francesca Recchia, Lorenzo Romito

DAAR research and practice

DAAR is a combination of an architectural studio and a residency program. DAAR aims to use spatial practice as a form of political intervention. DAAR’s program has gathered together architects, artists, activists, urbanists, film-makers, and curators— to work collectively on the subjects of politics and architecture.

The architectural studio and art residency was established with the aim of engaging with a complex set of architectural problems centered on one of the most difficult dilemmas of political practice: how to act both propositionally and critically in an environment in which the political force fields, as complex as they may be, are so dramatically skewed. Are interventions at all possible? How can we find an “autonomy of practice” that is both critical and transformative?

To engage in architecture in a zone of occupation and oppression is to engage in a less-than-ideal world. This has not only
 to do with the violence that contaminates every aspect of our life, but with determining the point in time from which speculation could begin. Conflicts create a sense of post­ponement. Architecture tends to await the post­conflict stage, or to imagine it at least. But ours is an endless struggle and still, people and groups have different perceptions of what the desired post­conflict state might be—a desired state of affairs or a desired State?

The only state we know is a state of conflict and struggle.

Thinking politics through architecture helps us enter the problem from another direction. Our architecture is not about determining a utopia of ultimate satisfaction, but simply starting from what exists—the present state of affairs and its material manifestation, from the rubble “unceasingly piled before our feet”. Our way of work seeks to find and utilize cracks and loopholes within existing colonial systems of separation and control.

As such, it deals with the stuff that might be called “real existing colonialism” and the trash it leaves behind. These include built structures, infrastructure, land ownership, and legal systems alike. Each of these elements enforces separations of a different nature and by different means.

Instead of critical distance we sought critical proximity. Our wish was to inhabit the subject of our study, to become part of the constellation of forces that shapes our environment.

Although our form of research and practice is collective, relational, and active, it would be wrong to think of it as “activist.” We do not work in an ameliorative manner; we have never proposed the kind of informal architecture we see worldwide promoted as a solution to alleviate poverty; we do not use photography to reveal injustice or protest it. Rather we have sought to establish a different balance between withdrawal and engagement, action in the world and research, fiction and proposal. Our work should neither be interpreted as an attempt to articulate an architectural utopia nor as a political instrument for “denouncing” or “mobilizing public opinion.” Our practice is not reactive to dominant forms of power; instead it has a different temporality.

In a place like Palestine the risk is in becoming dependent on the frenetic rush of mainstream reporting. We envision our practice instead as an attempt to produce a space from which it is possible to operate in the here and now but with radical long-term transformative visions.

We want to find a place for architecture to act in the world and not in the service of a pre-existing agenda. Our architecture has materialized in both built and political space, and in the cultural collective imagination of actors— in meetings and presentations, in legal challenges, in negotiations…

DAAR architectural proposals are a combination of fiction and reality. Their effects could be the opening of the political imagination.

Architecture After Revolution


جمعية دار للتخطيط المعماري والفني

جمعية دار للتخطيط المعماري والفني عبارة عن مكتب معماري وبيت للإقامة الفنية ومقرها في بيت ساحور, فلسطين.  ان طبيعة عمل الجمعية يجمع ما بين الابحاث المفاهيمية والتدخلات المعمارية, كما ويجمع بين الخطاب العام والتعلم الجماعي. بدورها تسعى الجمعية في بحث واستكشاف إمكانيات إعادة استخدام الهياكل المتعرضة للهيمنة والتخريب, سواء كانت هذه الهياكل عبارة عن قواعد عسكرية تم اجلائها او مخيمات لاجئين مرت في تحولات عديدة منذ نشئتها اوهياكل حكومية غير مكتملة البناء او بقايا قرى فلسطينية مدمرة.

 حازت الجمعية على جائزة Price Claus للعمارة وتم تصنيفها للقائمة الاخيرة لجائزة Foundation for Art Initiative  و Iakov Chernikhov. كما و قامت دار بعرض اعمالها في العديد من المعارض والمتاحف والبيانليات حول العالم اهمها: ,Venice Biennale Home Works in Beirut, the Istanbul Biennial, the Bozar in Brussels, , NGBK in Berlin The Architecture Biennale Rotterdam, Architekturforum Tirol in Innsbruk, the Tate in London, the Oslo Triennial, the Centre Pompidou in Paris وغيرها العديد.

ساندي هلال و اليساندرو بيتي معماريين وباحثين في مجال التخطيط الحضري، هما المؤسسين والمديريين لجمعية دار. بجانب البحث والممارسة العملية، هلال و بيتي مشاركون في علم اصول التدريس كما و قاموا بانشاء برنامج تعليم تجريبي تحت عنوان “جامعة في المخيم”  في مخيم الدهيشة في بيت لحم بالتشارك مع جامعة القدس وبالتعاون مع لجان خدمات مخيمات الجنوب وباستضافة جمعية الفينيق الخيرية  (www.campusincamps.ps).

في الآونة الأخيرة شاركوا بكتابة – العمارة بعد الثورة – (Sternberg, Berlin 2014) والذي يمثل دعوة لاعادة التفكير في الصراعات الحالية نحو العدل و المساواة ، ليس فقط من المنظور التاريخي للثورة ولكن بالإضافة الى صراع مستمر لإنهاء الاستعمار.

نشرت مشاريعهم في العديد من المجلات والصحف العالمية مثل:  New York Times ، الايام ، القدس، Art Forum ، Domus. كما و تم استدعائهم لمحاضرات في العديد من الجامعات العالمية مثل: Tate modern London, Columbia University, University of Exeter, American University of Beirut, University of London, Global Art Forum Dubai, Prefix Gallery Toronto, Festival della Filosofia di Roma, Bard College University New York, Henry Moore Institute, Festival Architettura Parma.

المهندسيين المعماريين والفنانيين والباحثين في برنامج جمعية دار للإقامة الفنية: 


 لوتشيا ديسلوتشي, جوناثان ويت, داليا أبو حشيش, لوتشيا مافي, مارغو فان دين بيرج, ايدواردوا كاسينا, ليفا دوداريفا, آرني كاربينتير, نك آكسيل, يعقوب بيرنز.


لورينزو بيزاني, ساني فاندين بريميير, باتريشيا فيرنانديز, غاربريل كويار, تشونغ رين, ساي شو, رزقي سوبريتمان, ليفن دي كوتر.


نيكولا بيريجيني, سونيا آرو, بينو بوركويل, لويزا سيرليني, اليسا فيراتوا, اليساندرا غولا, سوزاني هاريس رانديتس, بينجامين, ميشيل بايرز, أمينا.


شون ميرفي, ماركوا سيراتي, أحمد باركلي, ميرلين ايارليس, سيباستيان بيفيك, مارسيلا رافانيولا, ماريا روكو, مهدي صباغ, بيرت رويولينيس, نينا فاليري, اندريس, دييغو سيغاتوا.


أليجرا مارتن, روبورتو سارتو, أمينا بيلاف, ماريوا ابروزيس, فرانشيسكا فارجيوز, بياتريس كاتانزاروا.


بيانكا الزينباومير, فابيو فرانز, فينسيزوا كاستيلا, آن غوف, زكية حنفي, جيك هيميل, جيسي لونغ, سالفاتوري بوركاروا, فرانشيسكا ريسشيا, لورينزوا روميتوا.

اعضاء المجلس الادراي

غيداء رحيل (رئيس الهيئة الادارية), كريستينا الشايب (امين الصندوق), ماهر قسييس (نائب مدير المجلس), وفاء قمصية (عضو هيئة ادارية), ليا مصلح (عضو هيئة ادارية), عيسى اندوني (عضو هيئة ادارية), سوسن خير (عضو هيئة ادارية), أروى الشوملي (المسؤول المالي